EU's Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM)

CBAMThe European Union’s (EU) Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) requires foreign producers to measure, monitor, and report greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions embedded in imported products. Fundamentally, CBAM will subject foreign manufacturers to the same price per ton of embedded carbon emission limits that are imposed on domestic manufacturers under the EU’s Emissions Trading System (ETS).

Industries required to report in the first phase of CBAM include cement, aluminum, iron and steel, electricity, fertilizers, and hydrogen, although this represents a small fraction of sectors that are already included in the ETS.

The CBAM regulation entered into force in May 2023. Therefore, the first reporting phase of the CBAM regulation begins October 1, 2023, with importers required to submit their first reports by January 31, 2024, for the 2023 fourth-quarter period. The purchase of CBAM certificates (and therefore payments) begins January 1, 2026.

To comply with CBAM, importers (declarants) must register with customs authorities of EU member states and provide details about the type and quantity of goods and the embedded GHG emissions in them. Importers are then required to purchase CBAM certificates corresponding to the declared emissions that are above the limits set in the rules for the product type. An independent accredited verifier must verify the declaration’s accuracy. By May 31 of each year, declarants must surrender CBAM certificates equivalent to their declared and verified embedded emissions.

EcoEngineers offers a range of expertise to help you understand the potential impacts of CBAM. Our team is highly trained in carbon accounting frameworks and reporting structures unique to the regulatory compliance and reporting requirements of climate regulations in the EU.

Industries Required to Report:

  • Cement
  • Aluminum
  • Iron and Steel
  • Electricity
  • Fertilizers
  • Hydrogen

Our Capabilities and Services:

  • CBAM Registration
  • Compliance
  • Regulatory Insight
  • Improvement Planning
  • Interface with Regulatory Authorities
  • Emission Data Collection and Organization
  • Life-Cycle Analysis (LCA)
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis

Ula SzalkowskaFor more information about how EcoEngineers can help with your CBAM reporting, compliance, and regulatory engagement needs, please contact:

Urszula Szalkowska, Managing Director, Europe |

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