What is an Electric Vehicle?


EVs are Growing in Popularity and Beyond Personal Transportation Options


An electric vehicle (EV) is a vehicle that runs fully or partially on electricity and uses one or more electric motors for propulsion. Electric and hydrogen-electric vehicles encompass a wide range of models in every vehicle class, including light-duty, heavy-duty, buses, refuse trucks, delivery vans, and even personal mobility devices. Compared to internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles, electric vehicles are quieter, have no exhaust emissions and a lower environmental footprint when paired with a clean grid or renewable electricity source.


There are many advantages of EVs over ICE vehicles. EVs have zero tailpipe emissions, so there is no pollution emitted directly from the vehicle. The overall greenhouse gas emissions can be lower for EVs, even considering the pollution from the electricity production and distribution. EVs are lower in cost to operate. The cost per mile electricity expense is lower than gasoline ICE vehicles. EVs are quiet, have quicker acceleration, and are capable of recapturing and reusing energy collected during the braking process. There are very few moving parts in an EV and therefore much less wear and fewer maintenance expenses on the vehicle.

The main critiques of EVs are a higher purchase price, limited range, and a long recharge time. However, technological advances are erasing these critiques quickly. Due to rapid battery technology advancements, EVs are dropping in price each year and are expected to reach cost parity with ICE vehicles within three to five years. EV range is increasing with every new vehicle generation, and several EV models are capable of driving 300 miles or more on a single charge. Also, with several charging levels available and the increase in availability of charging stations, recharging a vehicle can be done quickly when needed during long trips and conveniently and inexpensively at home or the workplace.


Daniel Ciarcia

Daniel Ciarcia is the EV Services Director at EcoEngineers and has more than 20 years of experience in clean-technology product management, strategic planning, and business development. He is EcoEngineers’ expert on electrification and electric vehicle (EV) implementation. He brings a winning track record in product and service development of a wide variety of energy and environmental sectors. For more information about the EV market and electrification, contact Daniel at dciarcia@ecoengineers.us.